Conformity assessment — Requirements for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection.
ISO/IEC 17020:2012 specifies requirements for the competence of bodies performing inspection and for the impartiality and consistency of their inspection activities.
ISO/IEC 17025 enables laboratories to demonstrate that they operate competently and generate valid results, thereby promoting confidence in their work both nationally and around the world.
It also helps facilitate cooperation between laboratories and other bodies by generating wider acceptance of results between countries. Test reports and certificates can be accepted from one country to another without the need for further testing, which, in turn, improves international trade.
ISO 9001 is defined as the international standard that specifies requirements for a quality management system (QMS).
ISO 14001 is the international standard that specifies requirements for an effective environmental management system (EMS).
ISO 45001 specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system.